Friday, 16 July 2010

The Rivalry And Integration Strategies Of Global Stock Exchanges

The increase in competition of stock exchanges, due mainly to the transformation of the securities markets, has led to mergers, technological agreements among existing exchanges, price wars, takeovers, and the creation of new exchanges, even within the
same country. Recently, exchanges have also faced competition from quasi-exchanges, which are also known as ECNs. They not only free-ride on the process of listing given that they generally trade only securities listed on other exchanges, but also on the price-discovery process facilitating members of exchanges to direct trade to them. ECNs are increasingly cannibalizing the businesses of the existing stock exchanges. The evolution of new financial instruments, the falling monopoly of banks as a source of direct funding to borrowers and of direct investment for investors, the tremendous improvement in information technology, and a greater financial culture among common people as well as the fluctuations in interest, price, and exchange rate due to the oil crises have caused the increasing importance of securities markets in the financial system. As the capital markets become increasingly globalized, investors have more choices and are demanding better trading facilities, market efficiency and quality from stock exchanges. To meet challenges, exchanges have to accelerate the construction of the market information infrastructure, rivalry among Europe’s stock exchanges emphasizes more on cooperation of trading technology than anything else. In Asia, the concept of forming a full financial service group within each market is the main consideration. Exchanges have recognized that faced with the challenge to respond commercially to competitors, they needed to become traded companies themselves. The underlying assumption is that, in the long run, only the most efficient exchanges should survive, trading stocks from other European countries and offering the most innovative and competitive financial instruments.

1. Introduction

2. Review of Literature
What is an Exchange
Globalisation of Financial Markets
Nature of Competition of Stock Exchanges
The Effects of Increasing Competition among Stock Exchanges
Revolutionary changes of Technology in the Securities Market
Integration of Stock Exchanges
Theoretical Influences

3. Methodology
Aim of the Project
Objectives of the Project
Why I am Interested in this Topic
The General Approach
Data Collection
Criticisms of the Sources

4. Qualitative Analysis
Analysis of Industry Dynamics
Case Studies
International Exchange- LSE- A Prototype of Horizontal Merger
Hong Kong Stock Exchange – A Typical Model of a Vertical Merger
Implications and Discussion

5.0 Conclusion

Appendix 1 – Interviewees & Questions
Appendix 2 – Interview Key Points
Appendix 3 – Future Strategies of LSE & HKSE


Download Here: Dissertation