Economics Dissertation | Trade Barriers | External Trade | European Union | EU
After setting up the necessary framework for the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBTs) subject, this thesis study tries to enlighten the removal efforts of the Technical Barriers to Trade within the European Union (EU) and within Turkey. In this respect, this study covers the removal approaches of TBTs in the EU together with Turkey's alignment with the EU in the subject, as required by the Customs Union Agreement. This thesis study also tries to evaluate the importance of different approaches on the removal of Technical Barriers to Trade on Turkish trade with the EU. This evaluation is prepared by allocating external trade values for product groups into the regulatory approaches of the EU and then analyzing the coverage of these approaches in the total external trade of the EU (15) countries. Accordingly, it is found that most of the Turkish trade with the EU (15) countries may be subject to technical regulations. Moreover, it is observed that the share of the Turkish trade regarding different EU approaches on TBTs evolves over time. In this framework, it is found that the importance of the harmonizing the EU legislation on the removal of TBTs on Turkish exports to the EU (15) has been increasing over the timeline. Additionally, it is observed that the number of product groups that Turkey reveals comparative advantage in harmonized area is increasing over time and thus Turkey is becoming more competitive in the EU (15) market.
This dissertation aims to shed a light on the removal efforts on the TBTs subject in the perspective of the European Union (EU) and Turkey. In this manner, we first set up the necessary framework on the standards and related concepts, namely technical regulations, conformity assessment procedures and market surveillance. Following that, we try to explain TBTs phenomenon and the elimination methods of them. Then, we address the TBTs subject in the EU emphasizing on the approaches on removal of them. In the EU perspective we evaluate the position that Turkey possesses in the subject regarding the Customs Union requirements. After that, in order to detail an EU approach on the subject, we address the new chemicals policy of the EU, REACH, and Turkey's alignment with it. Finally, referencing the EU members, we recover the importance of different approaches on the removal of TBTs for the Turkey's external trade with the EU and we evaluate the competitiveness of Turkey in those approaches.